Which Course Is Best For UI UX Design

Which Course Is Best For UI UX Design

The four fundamental elements of effective design are contrast, repetition, alignment, and proximity. These are incorporated into every design. This article summarises the fundamental concepts addressed in this series. While the accompanying articles address each concept individually, they are all related. Rarely do design projects adhere to a single premise. You can learn these concepts in detail with the Blue Sky Graphics graphic design course.


When it comes to graphic design, contrast refers to the portrayal of two design components in opposing ways. It is a highly important design principle that graphic designers employ to create focus points in a graphic design layout that naturally pull your eyes to that point.

Contrast is also used in graphic design to give forms or objects more visual weight and balance the entire design; it is also used to organise all the graphic components in your graphic design project. You may use typographic contrast to organise text and emphasise its most essential features.

Which Course Is Best For UI UX Design
Which Course Is Best For UI UX Design

When a design incorporates several components (e.g., type, colour, size, line, form, and thickness), the objective is to distinguish each one. When elements appear to be two identical, none of them stand out (left). Contrast enables designers to give qualities that differentiate components. The contrast, or dissimilarity, piques people’s attention and draws them in (right). Therefore, contrast is frequently regarded as the most critical design principle.

How to Use Contrast in Graphic Design

In graphic design, size contrast is achieved by varying the scale and size of the composition’s various graphic components, with the larger ones serving as the composition’s most significant aspects and the first-place viewers will glance.

You may use size contrast in any aspect of your design layout, from text to shapes, by increasing the size of the text or shape to draw attention to that area of the design; often, the larger text is the title, which serves as the focal point.

By incorporating size contrast into your design, you can increase its visual appeal and reinforce the design’s central concept of the larger item being more important than, the smaller item. By experimenting with this type of contrast, you can ensure that the viewer’s eye is drawn to the appropriate area of the design layout.

Size contrast is also a useful graphic design element if you want to create minimalist graphic design projects. Because you have fewer elements to work within your design, you can use size contrast to add interest to your design layout while avoiding boring design by using the same size for all elements.


In graphic design, repetition refers to repeating the same or similar design components to create a coherent whole. This repetition may be accomplished by using the same design components throughout your design, such as colours, fonts, lines, forms, sizes, and texture.

Repetition concepts in graphic design

Apart from individual designs and collections of work, recurrence may also be observed in broader design trends. Repetition in design trends is not intended to create identical, unoriginal works; rather, it inspires communication with diverse groups of individuals who already have unique design tastes.

Each design trend has a unique feature that recurs over many individual works. Art deco, minimalism, and isometric design are just a few examples of these design trends.

Additional repetition concepts

When we delve deeper, we discover three repeating concepts (or techniques). Repetition is also one of the three ways of repetition. Repetition as a technique refers to the repeated usage of a design feature in a single work.


Alignment refers to the arranging of items on a page in such a way that they do not become completely disorganised. Aligning components on a page brings the design together and establishes a visual link between them. We utilise alignment in the actual world.

Consider this – The roads that connect us to our destinations form junctions. Parking lines tell us where to place our cars, and we all despise it when the automobile next to an empty parking space is parked over the line. We even utilise alignment when we are waiting in line at a coffee shop. It is infuriating not knowing where the line begins when individuals are standing in odd locations. The same is true in the field of graphic design. Without alignment, components lose their sense of direction and disintegrate. It is critical to include this idea into each design you make.

Alignment in Graphic Design

When utilising alignment, it is critical to keep your audience as focused as possible. Aligning components is frequently precise and tidy, resulting in a more professional, tight appearance. Alignment is as simple as arranging objects utilising your software’s automated align settings.

Caution: Using too many various alignments on a page, such as centred, justify, and left-aligned, might still give an unstructured appearance. As long as the alignment serves a purpose, it is better to err on the side of caution and adhere to a single align choice. Finally, utilise guidelines and grids for more complex layouts that need exact element placement.


Consider entering a room full of strangers and being asked to discern who knows who. What would you be on the lookout for? The physical interaction between individuals is one of the easiest things to examine. If two individuals are standing near to one other, they are more likely to know one another than if they are on opposite ends of the room.

You are now equipped for a job as a spy or graphic designer with this information. Assume you choose a graphic designer. It results in a more favourable work/life balance. Graphic designers are responsible for creating designs that are generally cross-platform compatible. They are in charge of arranging pictures, text, and other components such as lines and colours within the confines of the same general area.

So, how do you maintain everything in order? You consider the proximity concept, which explains the interactions between parts within a design based on their physical closeness. If you perform your work effectively, it should not be necessary for a super spy to examine your design and determine which components fit together.